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What are the latest COVID-19 travel restrictions in Europe?

A growing wave of European countries are lifting their travel restrictions
A growing wave of European countries are lifting their travel restrictions   -   Copyright  Canva

Many countries have travel restrictions in place in a bid to control the spread of COVID-19.

The latest changes include:

  • Concerns around Delta variant remain high.
  • European Parliament have agreed on a EU Digital COVID Certificate (previously called the Digital Green Certificate) that will enter regulation on 1 July. It is currently being trialled in several countries.
  • The European Commission says seven member states - Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Croatia and Poland - have connected to the gateway and started issuing the first certificates.

This article is updated regularly.

Here's a summary of the travel restrictions being enforced across Europe and beyond:

Albania

  • Albania continues to advise against non-essential travel.

  • Measures to contain COVID-19 remain in effect, including has a curfews and limited social gatherings.

  • All land borders are now open.

  • Travellers entering Albania from Greece and North Macedonia must quarantine in their accommodation for two weeks.

  • A negative PCR test taken less than 72 hours before arrival is required for all foreign nationals.

More information here.

Andorra

  • Access to Andorra requires passing through either Spain or France, so check every country's travel restrictions before planning your trip.
  • The state of Andorra remains under strict travel restrictions with officials advising against all but essential travel. Travel for tourism is currently on hold.
  • Safety measures include restrictions around leisure, culture, sport and skiing.
  • Travellers who intend to stay in Andorra for more than three nights need to present a negative PCR test result.
  • Up to 60 per cent of the population will be vaccinated by the end of June if targets are met.

More information here.

Austria

  • Hotels, restaurants, and leisure facilities are now open for summer tourism.
  • India joins South Africa and Brazil in the list of countries currently banned due to the new COVID-19 variant. Flights from the UK are also be banned since 1 June.

  • Arrivals from low infection countries no longer need to quarantine. Instead, travellers will need to show a pre-travel clearance and either a negative COVID test or proof of vaccination.

More information here.

Belarus

  • Commercial flights to Belarus are back in the air following a brief closure earlier this year.
  • Throughout the pandemic, President Aleksander Lukashenko opted against following the lockdown strategy sweeping the rest of the globe.
  • The UK has suspended all travel to the country after the alleged hijacking of a Ryanair flight.
  • All foreign arrivals must have proof of a negative PCR test issued no later than 72 hours before entry.

More information here.

Belgium

  • Travel to and from Belgium is permitted but discouraged. Those entering the country must fill in a Passenger Locator Form (PLF) 48 hours before arrival, and present a negative PCR test taken no earlier than 72 hours before travel.
  • Bars and restaurants in Belgium have reopened.

  • Masks must be worn in every place where social distancing can not be observed including busy streets, public transport and indoors.

  • Belgium has adopted the traffic light system to determine travel restrictions, which is based on the COVID-19 threat level of the country you're travelling from.

More information here.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina are open to tourists as long as they can present a negative PCR result, issued no less than 48 hours before travel.
  • Only nationals from neighbours Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia can enter the country without a negative COVID-19 test.
  • Grocery stores, pharmacies, restaurants, and cafes are open, along with most other businesses, but a curfew is in place between 11pm and 5am.

  • People must wear masks in outdoor and indoor public spaces and on public transport.

The Bosnia and Herzegovina border police are publishing regular updates about foreign travel here.

Bulgaria

  • Bulgaria has started operating a travel pass for fully vaccinated travellers or those who can prove they have had - and recovered from - COVID-19.
  • A negative COVID-19 PCR test taken no more than 72 hours before travel is necessary for entry.
  • People travelling from India, Bangladesh, Brazil, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Maldives Islands, Pakistan and some countries and territories in Africa are prohibited from arriving into Bulgaria - this is due for review at the end of July.

  • Bulgarian residents and those with residency permits, and their families, can choose to quarantine for 10 days upon arrival, in place of a negative PCR test.

  • There are no restrictions on travel between cities, and police operated checkpoints have ceased. The leisure and entertainment sector is either on lockdown or operating at reduced capacity.

More information here.

Croatia

  • Croatia has started operating a travel pass for fully vaccinated travellers or those who can prove they have had - and recovered from - COVID-19.

  • All passengers coming from an EU/EEA country on the 'green list' are allowed into Croatia, as long as they can show a negative PCR test taken 48 hours before departing, or a vaccination certificate showing that at least 14 days have passed since their first or second injection.

  • Failing to provide any of the above documents, travellers have the obligation to isolate themselves for 10 days on arrival in Croatia. this isolation can be shortened by obtaining a negative result in a PCR test or rapid antigenic carried out in Croatia.
  • People from the UK or any other non-EU/EEA country are permitted to enter for essential travel.

More information here.

Cyprus

  • Cyprus is open for tourism.
  • The country has a colour-coded system in place, with requirements for travellers depending on their location.
  • There are no requirements for a vaccine certificate, but a Cyprus Flight Pass must be obtained in all cases, along with a negative PCR test for orange and red list arrivals.

  • There is a curfew in place which restricts movement between 9pm and 5am and face masks are required in all public spaces.

More information here.

Czech Republic

  • Czech Republic has started operating a travel pass for fully vaccinated travellers or those who can prove they have had - and recovered from - COVID-19.
  • Travellers are also required to fill in the Passenger Locator Form and present it upon arrival.

More information here.

Denmark

  • Denmark has started operating a travel pass for fully vaccinated travellers or those who can prove they have had - and recovered from - COVID-19.

  • Fully vaccinated tourists can now travel to Denmark.

  • The country has introduced an exemption for travellers who hold a COVID-19 vaccination certificate.
  • The country is slowly opening up as they have controlled the virus well. Restaurants can serve customers indoors if they have been vaccinated, or can show a negative test result.

  • A negative test is also needed if people wish to enter indoor businesses such as tattoo parlours and shopping malls.

More information here.

Estonia

  • Estonia admits people with no COVID-19 symptoms arriving from the EU or EEA.
  • A 10-day quarantine period will be applied if you are arriving from an EU/EEA country with an infection rate higher than 150 cases per 100,000 of the population in the last 14 days.
  • Travel documents and medical symptoms are checked at the borders.
  • The government is also looking to waiver restrictions for travellers who have a COVID-19 vaccination certificate.

More information here.

Finland

  • Border restrictions in Finland have been extended until June, but regular passenger flights have resumed with tighter security measures at borders.
  • A 14-day quarantine period is being enforced, alongside a mandatory health check on arrival.

More information here.

France

  • Fully-vaccinated travellers from EU countries will be able to enter France without taking a COVID test from 9 June.

  • Fully-vaccinated visitors from the United Kingdom and the United States will still be required to produce a negative test result. But they will no longer have to quarantine and non-essential travel will now be allowed.

  • France has introduced a new traffic light system. Green countries include all EU countries as well as Australia, New Zealand, South Korea, Israel, Lebanon and Singapore. No essential reason for entry will be needed and only non-vaccinated travellers will still have to take a PCR or antigen test of fewer than 72 hours.

  • For Europeans, travel should be facilitated from 1 July by a health pass showing proof of vaccination, a negative test result, or proof of recovery from COVID-19 less than six months ago.

  • Countries classed "red" under the French system include South Africa, Brazil, India and Turkey. Whether vaccinated or not, all visitors will need to provide an essential reason for entry, a negative test, and a quarantine period of 7-10 days will be imposed upon arrival.

More information here.

Germany

  • Germany has started operating a travel pass for fully vaccinated travellers or those who can prove they have had - and recovered from - COVID-19.

  • Travellers entering the country need to fill out a digital registration form before they travel and must have proof of a negative COVID test.

  • Arrivals from other "areas of variant of concern" are expected to head straight home to quarantine domestically for ten days. A negative PCR test cuts this to five.

  • Quarantine rules for those allowed entry vary by region. Check for the region you are travelling to here. A potential curtailing of these rules is being considered on 30 June.

Find out more here.

Greece

  • Greece has officially launched its tourism season, meaning restrictions have also lessened.
  • Greece has started operating a travel pass for fully vaccinated travellers or those who can prove they have had - and recovered from - COVID-19.

  • Beaches are open but people must socially distance.

  • Restaurants and bars can stay open until midnight.

  • Visitors from the EU, UK, US, Serbia and Israel are allowed to visit as long as they have been vaccinated or can show negative COVID-19 test results. They do not have to quarantine.

  • All arrivals must fill in a Passenger Locator Form.

More information here.

Hungary

  • As a general rule, only Hungarian citizens have been allowed to enter Hungary since 1 September 2020.
  • Foreigners travelling on business or to take part in sport or cultural events are allowed to enter Hungary, providing they have two negative COVID-19 tests or quarantine on their arrival.
  • Curfews are no longer in place. Shops and service providers are now open as normal.

More information here.

Iceland

  • All travellers are now welcome in Iceland so long as they can provide a full certificate of vaccination against COVID or proof that they have had - and recovered from - COVID-19.
  • If you hold a certificate, you are required to undergo just one free COVID-19 test upon arrival. Travellers must wait for the result of this test (usually received within 5-6 hours but may take up to 24 hours) at their accommodation. If negative, no quarantine or second test is required.

More information here.

Ireland

  • There is a legal requirement for all travellers to quarantine on arrival for 14 days, with limited exceptions.

  • All passengers must complete a 14-day mandatory hotel quarantine if you have travelled from any country deemed high risk by the Irish government.

  • People arriving in Ireland without evidence of a negative/‘not-detected’ test result will be committing an offence.

  • The Irish Government has announced that it will be making changes to Ireland’s COVID-19 restrictions in the summer.

More information here.

Italy

  • From 16 May until 30 July there is no longer a requirement to quarantine on arrival in Italy, unless travellers arrive without proof of a negative test.

  • Travel between white and yellow regions is permitted. Though there are currently no orange or red regions, movement here is only allowed for people holding a green certificate. This confirms that they have been fully vaccinated against, or recovered from, COVID-19.

  • A nightly curfew is in place in all yellow regions from 11pm to 5am. Between 7 and 20 June, curfew is from midnight to 5am. Curfew ends on 21 June.

  • Most of the country is currently in yellow zones, meaning outdoor dining is allowed.

More information here.

Kosovo

  • All but essential travel to and from Kosovo is generally advised against, and the government has announced strict temporary measures to control the virus.
  • A negative PCR test less than 72 hours old is required by all foreign travellers entering Kosovo from countries with a high number of COVID-19 cases.
  • These countries are marked as red or orange on the official ECDC map here.

Latvia

  • Entry to Latvia is permitted for essential purposes only.
  • Everyone who intends to enter Latvia is required to complete and submit an electronic form no earlier than 48 hours before entering Latvia.

  • A 10-day self-isolation must be observed upon arrival in Latvia - even if you test negative.

  • All arrivals must show a negative PCR test performed no more than 72 hours before flying to be allowed to enter Latvia.

  • Travellers who have been vaccinated for COVID-19 are exempted from providing a negative PCR test (a certificate of vaccination is needed).

More information here.

Liechtenstein

  • Anybody travelling to Liechtenstein from a ‘high risk’ country must quarantine for 10 days upon arrival.
  • For the most part, the tourism industry is operating and the usual COVID-19 measures such as wearing face masks and social distancing apply in public spaces.
  • Liechtenstein follows Switzerland's travel advice, so information about travel in either country can be found here.

Lithuania

  • Foreign nationals travelling to Lithuania must complete an online registration form no earlier than 24 hours before they begin their journey.

  • A 10 day quarantine is in place.

  • The borders remain open to EU and EEA citizens but movement within the country is extremely restricted.

  • Anyone arriving in Lithuania will need to present a negative PCR test no older than 48 hours or submit to being tested on arrival at the airport. All travellers are required to then quarantine for 10 days.

More information here.

Luxembourg

  • Luxembourg is welcoming tourists, but arrivals

will be required to present a negative PCR or antigen test no older than 72 hours. * There is no requirement to quarantine when entering Luxembourg. However, if you do not have evidence of a negative test or submit to a rapid antigen test at the airport (which costs €10), you will need to self-isolate for 14 days or until you can show a negative test.

  • A nightly curfew is in place between 11 pm - 6 am.

More information here.

North Macedonia

  • The borders are open in North Macedonia.

  • Bars, restaurants and cafes are open for business with social distancing and extra hygiene measures in place.

  • Other businesses including shops and hairdressers are open.

More information here.

Malta

  • Malta is operating by a traffic light system which will determine which restrictions you will be subject to when you arrive.
  • All arrivals from countries not on the green list will be required to present a negative PCR test, no older than 72 hours. Failure to provide a test result may result in testing on arrival.

  • There is no requirement to quarantine when arriving to Malta currently in place.

More information here.

Moldova

  • Moldova is under a state of emergency, during which time bars, restaurants and cafes must close between 10 pm and 7 am.
  • Public events with less than 50 people are allowed, but not near areas with a high risk of infection.
  • Regular updates on travel restrictions, which depend on where you're travelling from, come from the border police website here.

Monaco

  • Monaco is open for tourists and is following the EU traffic light system to determine restrictions for arrivals.
  • Visitors have to present a negative PCR test no more than 72 hours before arrival. In the absence of a negative test, a quarantine will be enforced.

More information here.

Montenegro

  • Travellers require evidence of a negative PCR test taken 72 hours prior to travel.
  • In most cases, arrivals to Montenegro will need to isolate for 14 days.
  • Curfews are still being enforced.

More information here.

Netherlands

  • Foreign tourists traveling from safe countries with a low COVID-19 risk are welcome in the Netherlands.

  • All arrivals must present a negative PCR test, no older than 72 hours and fill in a health declaration form.

  • Anyone arriving in the Netherlands from highly impacted areas are required to undergo 10 days self-quarantine.

  • No negative test or quarantine period is required for visitors arriving from "safe" countries across the EU, Asia, and Oceania. A full list can be found here.

More information here.

Norway

  • The Norwegian borders are still closed to most territories.
  • All arrivals to Norway will need to provide evidence of a negative PCR test carried out 24 hours prior to travel.
  • Travellers from some European areas with low infection rate are now allowed to enter the country.

  • It is possible to shorten the quarantine period if testing negative on day 7.

  • All travellers to Norway must also have filled out an online registration form prior to arrival.

More information here.

Poland

  • Poland has started operating a travel pass for fully vaccinated travellers or those who can prove they have had - and recovered from - COVID-19.

  • Borders are open to travellers from the majority of EU/EEA countries.

  • Poland now allows travellers with a COVID-19 vaccination certificate to enter without the need to quarantine.

More information here.

Portugal

  • As of 17 May, travellers from most European countries are welcome in Portugal, including for non-essential travel. All arrivals over age 2 must show a negative PCR test and will be subject to health screening when they land. There is no requirement to quarantine.

  • The UK recently unexpectedly added Portugal to its 'amber list', leaving many British tourists scrambling to get back home.

  • Madeira is now allowing any passengers who can prove they have been vaccinated or recently recovered from coronavirus to visit as part of a "green travel corridor".

  • Face masks must be worn in public and social distancing and extra hygiene measures are in force in all public settings. Restaurants and event spaces must close at 10:30pm.

  • Similar measures have been adopted in the archipelago regions of Azores and Madeira.

More information here.

Romania

  • Hotels, guesthouses and other tourist accommodation are open and subject to COVID-19 restrictions.
  • A curfew is in place between 10 pm and 5 am, during which time you will need to prove your reason for travelling.
  • Only essential travel is allowed for people coming from non EU/EEA countries, which includes the UK.
  • UK passengers must provide a negative PCR test result upon arrival.

More information here.

Russia

  • Temporary restrictions on entry and exit via Russia’s land borders were enforced at the end of March, to be reviewed in June.
  • All arrivals into Russia will be temperature checked and will be required to provide a negative PCR test result upon arrival.

More information about Russia's COVID-19 response here.

San Marino

  • San Marino is open to tourists and has virtually no entry restrictions in place.
  • If you are accessing San Marino through Italy, you’ll need to check Italy’s travel advice before you set off.
  • Restaurants, bars, cafes and other leisure facilities are open with social distancing measures and face mask requirements in place.

You can check the Re-open EU website for more information.

Serbia

  • All arrivals to Serbia must provide a negative PCR test performed no more than 48 hours before departure to be allowed entry. You may also be subject to a 10-day quarantine.
  • The usual COVID-19 safety measures apply once you’re there.
  • Restaurants, cafes and bars are allowed to serve customers in their outdoor spaces, and indoors at reduced capacity, until 10pm.

More information here.

Slovakia

  • Most travellers are subject to entry restrictions in Slovakia as the virus continues to spread.
  • All arrivals, including from the EU/EEA or Switzerland, will need to provide a negative PCR test result upon arrival and undertake a period of self-isolation. They will also need to register their arrival in an online form.

More information here.

Slovenia

  • The Slovenian borders are open and health checks may be carried out upon your arrival.
  • A new list of red list countries has been announced as the country adopts a traffic light system. If you’re coming from a 'red list' country, you’ll be asked to quarantine for 10 days when you arrive.
  • COVID-19 restrictions vary between municipalities.

More information here.

Spain

  • Spain has reopened to tourists, providing they can prove they have been vaccinated against COVID-19.
  • Antigen tests are now accepted instead of PCRs for travellers from countries on the list of risk zones - including France and Germany - while no tests are required for low-incidence areas.

  • On 1 May the border between Spain and Portugal was reopened, as part of the Portuguese easing of COVID restrictions.

More information here.

Sweden

  • International flights to and from Sweden remain limited and you may be subject to entry restrictions.
  • A temporary entry ban applies to passengers arriving from countries outside the EU/EEA, including the UK.

  • All arrivals must show a negative PCR test performed no more than 48 hours before arrival.

  • Most of the economy remains open with social distancing, face masks and extra hygiene measures in force.

  • The government has advised Swedish citizens to avoid all but essential travel outside the EU/EEA and Schengen Area.

More information here.

Switzerland

  • Bars and restaurants have been allowed to reopen for outdoor service and cultural activities can resume.

  • Visiting countries have been divided into three categories: low risk, countries with a worrying variant, and neighbouring countries.

  • Switzerland has a larger permitted list of countries than most European countries. It is updated regularly here.

  • The usual requirements are in place, including negative PCR test results and a completed online entry form.

  • Arrivals who have visited high-risk countries within 10 days of travel will still need to self-isolate.

More information here.

Turkey

  • Most travellers to Turkey aged 6 years and above will be required to show a negative PCR test result before they can enter the country and may be subject to health screening when they arrive.
  • Public and hospitality services are open but subject to curfews from 9pm to 5am.
  • Fully vaccinated permit holders under 18 and over 65 years of age are not subject to these curfews.
  • Smoking in public is banned for the time being.
  • Outdoor mask wearing is mandatory.

Turkish Airlines have published a country-by-country breakdown of flight restrictions to Turkey.

Ukraine

  • The country is divided into yellow, orange, and red zones, with the view of all turning green through vaccination efforts. All visitors must have health insurance.

  • Strict measures in red zones with zero hospitality and no public events. Other zones allow for hospitality and events with social distancing and a curfew of midnight-7am.

  • Entry restrictions depend on whether you’re travelling from a ‘green’ or ‘red’ zone country.

  • Anyone entering Ukraine from high-risk countries will be required to undergo 14 days supervised quarantine.

  • It is possible to take a PCR test in Ukraine, and if it is negative, quarantine will not be needed.

More information here.

United Kingdom

  • The UK has updated its travel restrictions to a traffic light system which includes green, amber and red. Travel restrictions vary for each, more information here.

  • There are no longer any legal restrictions for international travel but people are strongly discouraged from travelling to countries on the red/amber list. More information here.

  • All arrivals into the UK must show a negative PCR test, fill in a passenger locator form and quarantine for 10 days.

  • More information here.

Vatican City

  • Vatican City has reopened its doors to tourists following the easing of Italy's travel restrictions.

More information here.